Inclusive education is a key part of achieving equal access to education for children with disabilities. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) stipulates that children with disabilities have the right to an education alongside their peers. The convention also calls for the elimination of segregated schools. Many countries have already committed to the goal and have begun to close segregated schools. Italy was one of the first to remove segregated schools in the 1970s. In Sweden, the schooling system includes students with disabilities in general education, with only a small proportion of children in special schools. In Canada, New Brunswick introduced policies for inclusion in 1986 and does not have any segregated settings for children with disabilities. While Australia has numerous examples of integration, it has not yet adopted a full-fledged inclusive education policy.
The best way to ensure that students with disabilities receive a quality education is to adapt the classroom to accommodate their needs. This can be done by incorporating the inclusion of special needs students into the main classroom. While students with disabilities may need additional support outside the classroom, this should not prevent them from participating in the mainstream class. In fact, partial inclusion can be a more effective solution for some students. The main goal of inclusive education is to provide equal opportunities for all students.
The aim of inclusive education is to create an environment that fosters diversity, equality, and freedom. This is done through inclusive teaching practices, such as peer tutoring, collaborative work, and project work. This creates a supportive environment that encourages students to make decisions and take risks.